24 Oct Nutrient Requirements For The Third Trimester
In the third trimester of pregnancy, you’re entering the last stage of pregnancy and the birth of your baby is getting close. While many of your baby’s organs have now developed, a number of nutrients remain important for these last three months for the optimal growth of your baby, as well as to help prevent complications during and after labour.
Nutrient Why It’s Important
Probiotics are beneficial during each trimester. One of the most significant is Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG). When taken at a dose of 20 billion live bacteria each day, LGG has been shown to support healthy immune development in infants and children that leads to a reduction in eczema symptoms, such as itching and sleeplessness, as well as a reduction in certain allergies. This probiotic strain may be of particular help when taken during the third trimester and during breastfeeding (or to the infant direct) in high-risk children from atopic families.
Essential Fatty AcidsDuring the third trimester your baby’s brain increases in size. Omega-3 essential fatty acids, such as DHA, help your baby’s brain and eyes develop during pregnancy.
Maternal iodine is transferred to the baby during the latter half of pregnancy for the synthesis of thyroid hormones and is required for further development of the baby’s
central nervous system.
Iron deficiency may occur during the third trimester. Reduced iron levels can contribute to fatigue and a decreased resistance to infection. Severe iron deficiency may effect preterm delivery and/or low birth weight. Iron levels are usually routinely tested in the later stages of pregnancy.
Lactation is a time when demand for choline is especially high. Choline is needed for brain development and production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in cognition and healthy mental functioning.
Taking supplemental vitamin D during the third trimester of pregnancy may decrease the risk of vitamin D deficiency in newborns.
What About Dad?
Within 90 days your baby will join you and your partner on the ‘outside’. This is a really important time not just for mum, but also for dad. Diet, exercise, stress management and sleep are the building blocks of how dads can remain fully fit and energised for the exciting, but busy, times ahead.
These simple yet effective strategies are often overlooked when life gets turned upside-down by a new baby. Many of dad’s nutritional requirements may be obtained through a good quality wholefood diet; however, for optimal wellbeing,