Food Glossary For Children’s Natural Health

Now we are not strangers to the building blocks of feeding our children a good meal throughout the day. Now familiarise yourself with the ingredients.

Almond meal

Also called ground almonds and is a healthy grain-free flour alternative to make cakes and biscuits or for crumbing meats and fish.  Ideally grind whole almonds as required in a food processor to avoid the fat in the nuts from going rancid if it has been exposed to light and/or heat.

Almond butter (nut butter)

These are ground almond paste and a wonderful substitute for butter.  Any nut can be round into a paste, they are a high in protein and essential fatty acids.

Almond milk

Almond milk is a nutritious milk and can be substituted for cow’s milk to make smoothies or any recipe that requires milk.  You can easily made in the milk in a  food processor or purchase from a food store.



Barley is a good source of protein, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and B9 plus the mineral iron.  Barley binds to toxins in the gut and assists the body in their elimination.  Use barley as a great addition to soups and casseroles.

Brown rice

A healthier choice to most white rice varieties because it’s unrefined and still has its outer covering intact which is high in nutrients such as calcium, magnesium and potassium.  Brown rice balances out blood sugar levels and is high in fibre which keeps the gut healthy and is gluten free.

Brown rice syrup

(see rice malt syrup)


Unrelated to wheat making it gluten free and not technically a true grain, buckwheat is a seed and related to rhubarb family.  It is low on the glycemic index so won’t cause a spike in blood sugars.  Buckwheat is often classed as a superfood and a good source of plant protein.

Cacao powder

Is a raw form of cocoa powder made from grinding cacao beans giving the powder an intense chocolate taste.  The raw bean is one of nature’s superfoods due to its high mineral (especially magnesium), essential fatty acid and antioxidant content.  These nutrients are mostly lost when processed to make cocoa.


Chia seeds

These seeds are native to South America and very high in the omega-3 essential fatty acids, protein and calcium.  They come to two varieties – black and white.  They can be added to yoghurt and salads for a nutty flavour and are also used in cereals and superfood balls, in fact you can add them to just about everything.  Soak them in water to get the full benefits of the nutrients, they can swell to nearly 20 times their original size.


These legumes need to be soaked overnight before cooking or you can use the canned variety.  They are a good source of protein and fibre and can be added to most meals such as soups, casseroles and salads but they are most famous for its inclusion in hummus.


A beautiful sweet spice that can be added to desserts, yoghurt, smoothies or muesli, its medicinal use is to help regulate blood sugars.

Coconut flour

This flour is made from dried ground coconut and powdered to make coconut flour.  It is low in carbohydrates, high in fibre, gluten free and tastes good too.  This flour cannot be substituted 1:1 with wheat flour because it needs a lot more liquid.  Not readily available in supermarkets but can be purchased on-line.

Coconut milk and coconut cream

These products are produced in the same way.  To make coconut milk, the coconut meat is simmered with equal parts of water, whereas coconut cream is made by simmering 4 parts of coconut meat with 1 part of water.  To get a beautiful coconut taste, add to soups, casseroles, curries, smoothies, popsicles or instead of milk in breakfast cereals. 

Coconut oil/butter

Coconut oil has anti-viral, anti-fungal and antimicrobial properties and is also a powerful antioxidant.  This oil remains stable at high temperatures making it perfect for cooking.  The body cannot store coconut oil as fat which aids with weight loss and unlike the other unsaturated fats does not contain cholesterol.  Also can be used as an all over skin moisturiser.

Flaxseed (linseed) oil

Is a great source of the medicinal anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids.  These oils are quite unstable and should be refrigerated and consumed quickly as they go rancid quickly.  They should never be heated and better suited as a pouring oil, drizzled over the top of salads, vegie dishes or added to smoothies.


Gluten (Glue) is the protein that makes bread stretchy and is commonly found in wheat, rye and spelt (among others) and gives the elasticity and rise to baked goods.

Gluten free grains

Introducing more gluten free wholegrains into your child’s diet will keep their gut strong and leak-proof, helping to avoid food intolerances and improve general immunity. Gluten free grains include: rice, quinoa, corn, millet, buckwheat, amaranth, sago and tapioca.

Gogi berries

These tasty little dried berries are fructose free and an excellent source of antioxidants.  They can be added to most meals including sweet or savory because they are not overly sweet.

Himalayan rock salt

A healthy version of salt, Himalayan salt is rich in minerals.

Nut butter

Just like peanut butter, other nuts can also be ground into butter.  They are available in supermarkets and health foods stores.



Millet is a grain we don’t use as often as we should.  It is great for the health of the gut lining and is a great food source for the friendly bacteria.  Millet is high in protein and low in carbohydrates and low allergenic.  


Traditional oats are a great breakfast option full of fibre and a slow release of energy helping to keep blood sugar levels even throughout the morning.  It is well worth the effort to make a pot of porridge for breakfast.  Add a mashed banana and creamy yoghurt and they will love it.  Make sure you use traditional oats rather that the quicker cooking options which tend to be highly processed.


Pronounced ‘keen-wa’, Quinao looks like a grain but it is actually a seed, it is gluten free, contains protein and has a delicious nutty flavour.  Quick and easy to cook it can be used in the same way you use rice.  Quinoa is also available as flour making it a healthy substitute to wheat flour. It is available in health food stores.


The variety of rice to choose is basmati and brown rice because they break down slowly and don’t cause blood sugar levels to spike.  Vermicelli noodles are also made from rice and available in supermarkets making them a good substitute for wheat based pasta. It is very rare for the immune system to react to rice.

Rice Malt Syrup

Also called Rice Bran Syrup it is a sweetener that doesn’t contain fructose making it a healthy option made from 100 percent organic brown rice.  It is derived from culturing cooked rice with enzymes to break down the starches, draining off the liquid and reducing it until it reaches a honey consistency


A cheese that is creamy and easy to use.


Rye is high in magnesium, calcium and the B vitamins and is a much better choice than wheat because it is more difficult to separate the bran and germ from the grain in rye.  This ensures the grain keeps its high nutrient value. The gut lining can also be more tolerant to the gluten in rye flour.

Soba noodles

A flat Japanese noodle made from a combination of buckwheat and wheat that can be used in the same way you would use pasta.


An ancient grain and its gluten component is usually more tolerated than gluten in wheat. Spelt bread and flour are now widely available in supermarkets and an excellent replacement to wheat flour when cooking or choosing bread.  When using the flour for baking, choose the wholemeal variety, as there is no difference in taste.


Is derived from a herb and has no carbohydrate or calories.  It is 250 to 200 times sweeter than sugar.  Stevia is commonly found in sugar free chocolate, cordials, soft drinks, cereals and biscuits.


A thick and creamy paste made from ground sesame seeds and is available in most supermarkets and food stores.  Tahini is used with chickpeas to make hummus.


A dark, rich Japanese soy sauce that is gluten free.

Wheat, wholegrain

Wholegrain wheat hasn’t been over processed like the standard white flour.  This means the whole grain is present


A natural sugar found in fibrous fruit and vegetables.  It is commercially extracted from birch tree bark or corn cobs and has the same amount of sweetness as sugar.  A great alternative to sugar for baking, it can be purchased from health food stores.


Naturopathy Can Help With the Following Childhood Conditions

Fiona provides tailored health plans based on a multitude of factors relevant to your child’s symptomology (how they are feeling), pathology (how their body is responding), plus dietary and lifestyle factors.

  • ✅ Digestive complaints – constipation, diarrhoea, loose stools, pain or bloating
  • ✅ Allergies and allergic conditions – such as asthma, eczema or hayfever
  • ✅ Poor Immunity – recurring colds or ear infections
  • ✅ Skin Conditions – rashes, eczema, acne, pimples or allergic reactions
  • ✅ Moods – anxiety, depression or mood swings
  • ✅ Food Intolerances – identifying food reactions
  • ✅ Food Allergies – identifying food reactions
  • ✅ Growth and development issues – fussy eaters or nutritional malabsorption
  • ✅ Behavioural challenges – ADHD or others
  • ✅ Energy – poor energy or chronic fatigue
  • ✅ Picky Eaters – fussy eaters
  • ✅ Sleep – trouble falling asleep or staying asleep

What happens in a children’s nutritionist consultation

During your consultation, Fiona will seek information about your pregnancy, birth and post birth experiences. This will provide an integrated view to give a full picture of the foundations of your child’s health status. You can expect to leave your consultation with a thorough understanding of the potential contributing factors of the presenting symptoms. Fiona will provide you with a comprehensive treatment plan that incorporates possible herbal/nutritional medicine, dietary/lifestyle recommendations, recipes and handouts. Plus an overview of the consultation so you feel empowered to care for your child’s wellbeing with Fiona’s guidance. At The Children’s Naturopath, Fiona Stock an expert in childhood health, she understands children’s needs and considers working with kids and teens to be an absolute joy. She finds that children typically respond to naturopathic treatment very well – bouncing back to good health in no time.  And she treasures the opportunity she has to teach kids about their bodies and engage them in their health journey, setting them up with strong foundations and knowledge for life.

Meet Children’s Nutritionist – Fiona Stock

Fiona is skilled at getting to the heart of childhood health challenges – helping to initiate lasting change.

Fiona Stock is a respected Paediatric Naturopath & Children’s Nutritionist with a career spanning over 23 years. Armed with an abundance of experience and a true desire to transform your child’s health, she’ll listen closely to understand the underlying causes of their troubling condition. Fiona gets to the heart of your child’s presenting symptoms by deciphering what their body is trying to tell you. She will suggest simple and specific changes as well as herbal or nutritional medicine where required to nurture and restore your child, so they can enjoy the good health they deserve. Deeply compassionate and highly skilled, either of the Naturopathic Consultation Options with Fiona is a wonderful investment in your child’s health. If you’ve tried everything and are yet to find solutions to your child’s health challenges – this could well be the path to take.

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  • ✅Poor Immunity
  • ✅Poor Focus & Concentration
  • ✅ Behavioural Problems
  • ✅ ADHD
  • ✅ Depression
  • ✅ Anxiety
  • ✅ Food Allergies
  • ✅ Food Intolerances
  • ✅ Constipation
  • ✅ Diarrhoea
  • ✅ Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • ✅ Tummy Pain
  • ✅ Eczema
  • ✅ Asthma
  • ✅ Obesity
  • ✅ Auto-Immune Disease
  • ✅ Recurring Infections
  • ✅ Fussy Eaters
  • ✅ Sleep Issues
  • ✅ Plus many more…

Online Learning | Children’s Health | Children’s Nutritionist

Would you like a consultation with me at a fraction of the cost? My online learning classes are jam packed with more advice than I provide in a face-to-face appointment. It’s evidence-based naturopathic wisdom coupled with the latest scientific research on kids health I’ve successfully shared with clients over my 20+ year career.

I’ve also included cheatsheets, checklists, nourishing recipes and 25 page book of class notes.

You will learn:

  • ✅ Understand the cause if common childhood conditions (eczema, poor immunity, food allergies, food intolerances, poor focus & concentration, ADHD, behavioural problems).
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  • ✅. Healthy Eating Plan – including portion size for each age-group.
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